timelines of world war 1
362 pages. Publisher: Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (16 Oct 2008). ISBN-10: 0521728835; ISBN-13: 978-0521728836
368 pages. Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks; New edition (9 Nov 2000). ISBN-10: 0192893254; ISBN-13: 978-0192893253
First Battle of the Marne begins. The Germans had advanced to within 30 miles of Paris, but over the next two days, the French are reinforced by 6,000 infantrymen who are transported to the front by hundreds of taxis. The Germans dig in north of the Aisne River, and the trench warfare that is to typify the Western Front for the next four years begins.
Landings begin on the Gallipoli Peninsula at Cape Helles (British 29th and Royal Naval divisions) and at ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) Cove. The attempt to force the Dardanelles and capture the Ottoman capital at Constantinople (now Istanbul) is a disaster almost from the outset. Altogether, the Allies suffered more than 200,000 casualties during the subsequent nine-month campaign. The failed offensive becomes the war’s signal event for Australian and New Zealand troops and eventually leads to the collapse of the British government.
The United States declares war on Germany.
The Stars and Stripes begins publication with a first issue of one thousand copies. Second Lieutenant Guy T. Viskniskki is the first managing editor of the newspaper.
3rd November – Austria made peace
25th April – Allied troops landed in Gallipoli
August 3 – Germany declares war on France as part of the Schlieffen Plan.
August 23 to 30 – The Battle of Tannenberg is fought between Germany and Russia. The Germans defeat the Russian Second Army.