timelines of ancient civilizations
The Iron Age was the stage in the development of any people in which tools and weapons whose main ingredient was iron were prominent. The adoption of this material coincided with other changes in some past societies often including differing agricultural practices, religious beliefs and artistic styles, although this was not always the case.
- c. 3200 BC: Sumeriancuneiformwriting system and Egyptian hieroglyphs
- 3200 BC: Newgrange built in Ireland
- 3200 BC: Cycladic culture in Greece
- 3200 BC: Norte Chico civilization begins in Peru
- 3200 BC: Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran
- 3150 BC: First Dynasty of Egypt
- 3100 BC: Skara Brae in Scotland
- c. 3000 BC: Egyptian calendar
- c. 3000 BC: Stonehenge construction begins. In its first version, it consisted of a circular ditch and bank, with 56 wooden posts. 
- c. 3000 BC: Cucuteni-Trypillian culture in Romania and Ukraine
- 3000 BC: Jiroft civilization begins in Iran
- 3000 BC: First known use of papyrus by Egyptians
- 2800 BC: Kot Diji phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins
- 2800 BC: Longshan culture in China
- 2700 BC: Minoan Civilization ancient palace city Knossos reach 80,000 inhabitants
- 2700 BC: Rise of Elam in Iran
- 2700 BC: The Epic of Gilgamesh becomes the first written story
- 2700 BC: The Old Kingdom begins in Egypt
- 2600 BC: Oldest known surviving literature: Sumerian texts from Abu Salabikh, including the Instructions of Shuruppak and the Kesh temple hymn.
- 2600 BC: Mature Harappan phase of the Indus Valley civilization (in present-day Pakistan and India) begins
- 2600 BC: Emergence of Maya culture in the Yucatán Peninsula
- 2560 BC: King Khufu completes the Great Pyramid of Giza. The Land of Punt in the Horn of Africa first appears in Egyptian records around this time.
- 2500-1500 BC: Kerma culture in Nubia
- 2500 BC: The mammoth goes extinct.
- 2334 or 2270 BC: Akkadian Empire is founded, dating depends upon whether the Middle chronology or the Short chronology is used.
- 2250 BC: Oldest known depiction of the Staff God, the oldest image of a god to be found in the Americas.
- 2200-2100 BC: 4.2 kiloyear event: a severe aridification phase, likely connected to a Bond event, which was registered throughout most North Africa, Middle East and continental North America. Related droughts very likely caused the collapse of the Old Kingdom in Egypt and of the Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia.
- 2200 BC: completion of Stonehenge.
- 2055 BC: The Middle Kingdom begins in Egypt
- 2000 BC: Domestication of the horse
- 1900 BC: Erlitou culture in China
- 1800 BC: alphabetic writing emerges
- 1780 BC: Oldest Record of Hammurabi’s Code.
- 1700 BC: Indus Valley Civilization comes to an end but is continued by the Cemetery H culture; The beginning of Poverty Point Civilization in North America
- 1600 BC: Minoan civilization on Crete is destroyed by the Minoan eruption of Santorini island.
- 1600 BC: Mycenaean Greece
- 1600 BC: The beginning of Shang Dynasty in China, evidence of a fully developed Chinese writing system
- 1600 BC: Beginning of Hittite dominance of the Eastern Mediterranean region
- c.1550 BC: The New Kingdom begins in Egypt
- 1500 BC: Composition of the Rigveda is completed
- c.1400 BC: Oldest known song with notation
- 1400-400 BC: Olmec civilization flourishes in Pre-Columbian Mexico, during Mesoamerica’s Formative period
- 1200 BC: The Hallstatt culture
- 1200-1150 BC: Bronze Age collapse in Southwestern Asia and in the Eastern Mediterranean region. This period is also the setting of the Iliad and the Odyssey epic poems (which were composed about four centuries later).
- c. 1180 BC: Disintegration of Hittite Empire
- 1100 BC: Use of Iron spreads.
- 1046 BC: The Zhou force (led by King Wu of Zhou) overthrow the last king of Shang Dynasty; Zhou Dynasty established in China
- 1000 BC: Nok culture in West Africa
- c.1000 BC: King David begins his reign as the second King of Israel, after Saul
- 970 BC: King Solomon begins his reign as third King of Israel, after David
- 890 BC: Approximate date for the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey
- 814 BC: Foundation of Carthage by the Phoenicians in today known Tunisia
- 800 BC: Rise of Greek city-states
- 788 BC: Iron Ancient in Sungai Batu (Old Kedah)
- c.785 BC: Rise of the Kingdom of Kush
Period: 2700 B.C. – 479 B.C.
Original Location: Italy, Sicily, North Africa, as far west as France
Current Location: Greece
Major Highlights: Concepts of democracy, the Senate, the Olympics
Peru gives history nerds an amazing place to start. Between 1438 and 1532, the Inca people blossomed from a small tribe to being South America’s largest empire in the pre-Columbian era, and during its zenith, their borders even crept well into Ecuador and Chile.
• Egyptian–Part 1 – Stone Age to Middle Kingdom
• Egyptian–Part 2 – New Kingdom to Modern Day
• Chinese–Part 1 – Neolithic to Sui Dynasty
• Chinese–Part 2 – Northern Song Dynasty to Modern Day
It’s advised that it be watched in HD and fullscreen mode as this will give the best detail on the map.
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The followers of Islam are called Muslims (All of those who accept the will of a god)
500 AD – 800 AD
The Zapotecans completely abandon Monte Alban after they break relations with Teotihuacan.