Timeline 600CE-999CE 2

900-1000 The terminal classic period of the Maya.
(AM, May/Jun 97 suppl. p.B)

c900-1000 The Japanese discovered the wasabe root growing near mountain streams and began incorporating it into their cuisine.
(SFC, 6/3/98, Z1 p.6)

900-1000 In Thailand the site of Prasat Hin Phanom Wan was an important Khmer sanctuary in the Upper Mun River Valley of northeastern Thailand.
(AM, Mar/Apr 97 p.G)

900-1100 A Fremont culture settlement in Horse Canyon, Utah, left extensive ruins that became known as Range Creek.
(SFC, 6/30/04, p.A2)

900-1200 The Killke people occupied the region around Cuzco, Peru, from 900 to 1200 A.D., prior to the arrival of the Incas. In 2008 Archaeologists discovered the ruins of an ancient temple, roadway and irrigation systems at Sacsayhuaman, a famed fortress overlooking Cuzco, that shed light on the pre-Inca cultures of Peru.
(AP, 3/15/08)

902 Aug 1, The Aghlabid rulers of Ifriqiyah (modern day Tunisia) captured Taormina, Sicily.
(HN, 8/1/98)

902-970 In China Tao Gu lived. He wrote “Qing yi lu,” (An Examination of Strange Accounts). He mentioned the Chinese use of cormorants for fishing.
(NH, 10/98, p.69)

903 Benedict IV, Catholic Pope, died.
(PTA, 1980, p.236)

903 Good King Wenceslaus, saint, duke of Bohemia (928-935), was born.
(WUD, 1994 p.1622)

904 Jul 31, Arabs captured Thessalonica of the Byzantine Empire.
(HN, 7/31/98)

905 Persian astronomer Al Sufi referred to the Andromeda galaxy as the “Little Cloud.”
(NH, 11/96, p.78)

907 Fall of the T’ang dynasty in China.
(V.D.-H.K.p.169)

907 Arpad (b.~845), head of the confederation of the Hungarian tribes, died about this time. Many Hungarians refer to him as the “founder of our country.” His preeminent role in the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin has been emphasized by some later chronicles. The dynasty descending from Arpad ruled the Kingdom of Hungary until 1301.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%81rp%C3%A1d)

907-1279 “The Five Dynasties and the Song Period” by Richard M. Barnhart is the first section of Wu Hung’s 1997 “The Origins of Chinese Painting.”
(WSJ, 1/2/98, p.6)

910 The French abbey at Cluny was founded.
(SFEC, 11/21/99, p.T4)

910 Rhazes, an Arab physician, wrote the 1st account of smallpox and proposed the earliest theory of immunity.
(NW, 10/14/02, p.46)

911 Sep 2, Viking monarch Oleg of Kiev, Russia, signed a treaty with the Byzantines.
(MC, 9/2/01)

911 The Carolingian period of Frankish rule ended in Germany.
(AHD, 1971, p.205)

911 A relic donated by Charles the Bald, the Sancta Camisia, was displayed above the city walls of Chartres and seemed to repel a Viking attack. The relic was believed to be the Virgin Mary’s childbirth tunic.
(Hem., 10/97, p.86)

912 Nov 23, Otto I, the Great (d.973), German king and Holy Roman emperor (962-73), was born. Otto the Great became King of Germany in 936.
(AHD, 1971, p.931)(MC, 11/23/01)

912 Egyptian singer Nehmes Bastet died about this time. In 2012 Egyptian and Swiss archaeologists reported a roughly 1,100 year-old tomb of a female singer in the Valley of the Kings. It was the only tomb of a woman not related to the ancient royal families ever found in the Valley of the Kings. The singer’s name, Nehmes Bastet, means she was believed to be protected by the feline deity Bastet. At the time of her death, Egypt was ruled by Libyan kings, but the high priests who ruled Thebes were independent.
(AP, 1/15/12)

912-961 Abd al Rahman III, Umayyad caliph in Spain, purchased Scandinavian, African and German slaves to serve in his forces. At this time Cordoba was western Europe’s largest city with a population of 200,000 people.
(ATC, p.96)

917 Aug 20, A Byzantine counter-offensive was routed by Syeon at Anchialus, Bulgaria.
(HN, 8/20/98)

917 In Italy the Castle Torre d’Orlando was built between Paciano and Panicale in Umbria.
(SFEM, 10/12/97, p.49)

918 Mar 1, Balderik became bishop of Utrecht.
(SC, 3/1/02)

918 In Ireland there was a great flood in the region of Clonmacnoise.
(SFEC, 8/1/99, p.T8)

918-1392 During Korea’s Age of Enlightenment, the period of the Goryeo Dynasty, the Buddhist aristocracy commissioned many works of art to further the Buddhist ideal.
(SFC, 10/14/03, p.D1)

919 May 12, Duke Henry of Saxon became King Henry I of Eastern Europe.
(MC, 5/12/02)

919 Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon Nat’l Monument in Northern New Mexico had its ceremonial room completed. Occupancy lasted till c1130.
(K.I.-365D, p.159)

921 Nov 7, Treaty of Bonn: East France and West France recognized each other.
(MC, 11/7/01)

921 In Turkey the Armenian Akdamar church, called the Church of Surp Khach, or Holy Cross, was inaugurated. Written records say the church was near a harbor and a palace on the island on Lake Van, but only the church survived. Turkey restored the church in 2007.
(AP, 3/25/07)

922 Mar 27, Al-Hallaj al-Mughith-al-Hsayn Mansur (64), Persian mystic, was beheaded.
(MC, 3/27/02)

922 Jun 9, French republic chose Robert I as King of France.
(MC, 6/9/02)

922 Mansur al-Hallaj (b.858), a Sufi mystic, was crucified in Baghdad for pronouncing in the midst of a trance that he was the truth, i.e god.
(SFC, 4/21/04, p.A10)( http://www.uga.edu/islam/sufismearly.html#Hallaj)

923 Feb 16, Abu Dja’far Mohammed Djarir al-Tabari (83), Islamic historian, died.
(MC, 2/16/02)

924 Apr 7, Berengarius I, Emperor of Italy, was murdered.
(MC, 4/7/02)

924 Jul 17, Edward the Older, English king (899-924) and son of Alfred the Great, died. He was succeeded by his son Athelstan.
(PC, 1992, p.75)

924-940 Athelstan ruled as king of England.
(www.britannia.com/history/monarchs/mon8.html)

925 The Croatian kingdom was established.
(WSJ, 7/14/99, p.A23)

927 May 27, Symeon, czar of Bulgaria, died.
(MC, 5/27/02)

927 Ivan Rilski (later St. John of Rila), an Orthodox Bulgarian, chose a hermit’s life in a cave in the mountains above Sofia, Bulgaria. His students built a complex nearby that grew to become the Rila Monastery.
(SSFC, 7/16/06, p.G4)

929 Sep 28, Wenceslaus I, duke of Bohemia, was murdered.
(www.stfrancisvernon.org/stwenceslaus.htm)

929 Eadgyth (910-946), the sister of King Athelstan and the granddaughter of Alfred the Great, was given in marriage to Otto I, the king of Saxony and the Holy Roman Emperor. She had at least two children before her death in 946 at age 36. In 2010 her remains were found in Magdeburg Cathedral in northern Germany.
(AFP, 1/20/10)(AFP, 6/17/10)

930 Jun 23, Icelanders established the Althing, an open-air national parliament and the world‘s oldest surviving parliamentary body. This was later credited as the first example of representative government.
(NH, 6/96, p.53)(DrEE, 1/4/97, p.4)(SFC, 1/1/00, p.C3)(MC, 6/23/02)

930 The Aleppo Codex was written on parchment in the Holy Land town of Tiberias by the scribe Shlomo Ben Boya’a about this time. Its completion marked the end of a centuries-long process that created final text of the Hebrew Bible.
(AP, 9/27/08)

933 Mar 15, Henry the Fowler routed the raiding Magyars at Merseburg, Germany. The Wagner opera Lohengrin is about King Henry and how he united the people of Brabant with the Saxons against the Hungarian foe.
(HN, 3/15/99)(WSJ, 7/28/99, p.A21)

935 In the Icelandic “Egils-saga” there is an account of how Thorolf and Egil harried in Curonia (along the eastern Baltic shore) about this time.
(DrEE, 11/23/96, p.3)(TB-Com, 10/11/00)

935 In southern Korea the last Shilla king surrendered his throne.
(SFEM, 6/20/99, p.6)

936 Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari (b.1874), Muslim theologian, died. He had become a pupil of the great Mutazalite teacher al-Jubba’i (d.915), and himself remained a Mutazalite until his fortieth year. Disciples of his school are known as Asharites. It held that complete comprehension of the unique nature and attributes of God is beyond the capacity of human reasoning and sense experience.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_al-Hasan_al-Ash%27ari)

936-973 Otto the Great became King of Germany and later the first Holy Roman Emp.
(AHD, 1971, p.931)

936-1531 Aachen in West Germany was the coronation city for German kings over this period.
(WUD, 1994, p.1)

937 King Athelstan unified the various Saxon and Celtic kingdoms following the battle of Brunanburgh. He was the brother of Eadgyth, wife of Holy Roman Emp. Otto I, and is generally considered to have been the first King of England.
(AFP, 1/20/10)

c938 In the late 930s Khazar baliqchi Pesakh defeated the Rus. According to an anonymous letter written by a Khazarian Jew in the 940s, the Rus prince Oleg captured the Khazar-held city Tmutorokan one night. Pesakh, a prominent Khazar baliqchi (governor), learned of Oleg’s actions and conquered several Crimean cities belonging to the Byzantines and also did away with many Rus. Oleg was badly defeated, and was forced to surrender to Governor-General Pesakh. This was a major Khazar victory over the Rus.
(TJOK, pages 191-192)

938-1002 Al-Mansur (the Conqueror), Moorish leader. He was born Abu’Amir al-Ma’asiri and rose to power by wooing the caliph’s favorite concubine. He raided Christian Spain and hauled his booty back to Cordoba and built a palace called Madinat al-Zahira, the Shining City.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R4,6)

940 The stone image of Fudo Myo-o, a fierce Japanese deity of fire and thunder, was carved by a revered priest in Kyoto about 800 CE and transferred to Narita about 940.
(Hem, 8/95, p.56)

941 The 12th imam, Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdi (b.1869), disappeared. He is believed by Twelver Shi‘a Muslims to be the Mahdi, an ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imam of the Twelve Imams who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) in order to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world.
(Econ, 10/29/16, p.44)

942 May 16, Saadiah Gaon, head of Talmudic Academy of Sura, died.
(MC, 5/16/02)

945 In England monks settled along the Thames riverbank at Bablock Hythe.
(SFEC, 8/20/00, p.T9)

945 The Buyids (Buwayhids) came to power in Baghdad. They were ousted by the Seljuks in 1055 under Tughril Beg.
(www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/iraq/HISTORY.html)

946 May 25, Edmund the Older, king of Wessex, England, (939-46), died.
(SC, 5/25/02)

946 Eadgyth, the sister of King Athelstan and the granddaughter of Alfred the Great, died. She had been given in marriage to Otto I, the Holy Roman Emperor, in 929. She was initially buried at the Monastery of Mauritius in Magdeburg. In 1510 her remains were transferred to Magdeburg Cathedral in northern Germany, where her bones were found in 2008.
(AFP, 1/20/10)
946 Mount Paektu, a volcano straddling the border between North Korea and China, erupted with apocalyptic fire and fury in what scientists later considered one of the five largest volcanic events in human history. It ejected enough material to bury Greater London to a depth of 60 meters (200 feet), and caused temporary climate change in the region.
(http://tinyurl.com/y98xvulc)(AFP, 9/19/19)

950 Nov 22, Lotharius, King of Italy (947-50), died.
(MC, 11/22/01)

c950 The Anasazi first came to Keet Seel, Arizona.
(Hem., 5/97, p.75)
950 Guam’s latte period refers to the time when lattes were first introduced about this time and continued up to the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Latte stones consist of a pillar capped by a hemispherical stone capital.
(AP, 9/13/15)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latte_stone)

951 Sep 23, Otto I, the Great, became king of Italy.
(MC, 9/23/01)

953 Apr 21, Otto I, the Great, granted Utrecht fishing rights.
(MC, 4/21/02)

954 Nov 12, Lotharius became king of France.
(MC, 11/12/01)

954 The Count of Ventimiglia ceded Seborga (in northwest Italy, twenty minutes from the Mediterranean north of Bordighera) to the monks who elected their abbot as sovereign prince.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T5)

955 May 16, Alberich II, (bastard?) son of Octavianus, was elected pope.
(MC, 5/16/02)

955 Aug 10, Otto organized his nobles and defeated the invading Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in Germany.
(HN, 8/10/98)

955 In England King Eadwig failed to appear at his coronation feast. Dunstan, chronicler of the event, found him cavorting with a young lady and her mother.
(WSJ, 1/29/99, p.W7)

955 Sufi saint Sidi Mahmoudou died. In 2013 his tomb in Timbuktu, Mali, was destroyed by Islamist extremists.
(AP, 1/28/13)

956 Jun 16, Hugo the Great, duke of France, died.
(MC, 6/16/02)

956-1015 Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev and the first Christian grand prince of Russia (980-1015). He married the sister of the Byzantine emperor and thus brought in Orthodox Christianity to Russia.
(WUD, 1994, p.1598)(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A16)

c938 In the late 930s Khazar baliqchi Pesakh defeated the Rus. According to an anonymous letter written by a Khazarian Jew in the 940s, the Rus prince Oleg captured the Khazar-held city Tmutorokan one night. Pesakh, a prominent Khazar baliqchi (governor), learned of Oleg’s actions and conquered several Crimean cities belonging to the Byzantines and also did away with many Rus. Oleg was badly defeated, and was forced to surrender to Governor-General Pesakh. This was a major Khazar victory over the Rus.
(TJOK, pages 191-192)

938-1002 Al-Mansur (the Conqueror), Moorish leader. He was born Abu’Amir al-Ma’asiri and rose to power by wooing the caliph’s favorite concubine. He raided Christian Spain and hauled his booty back to Cordoba and built a palace called Madinat al-Zahira, the Shining City.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R4,6)

940 The stone image of Fudo Myo-o, a fierce Japanese deity of fire and thunder, was carved by a revered priest in Kyoto about 800 CE and transferred to Narita about 940.
(Hem, 8/95, p.56)

941 The 12th imam, Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdi (b.1869), disappeared. He is believed by Twelver Shi‘a Muslims to be the Mahdi, an ultimate savior of humankind and the final Imam of the Twelve Imams who will emerge with Isa (Jesus Christ) in order to fulfill their mission of bringing peace and justice to the world.
(Econ, 10/29/16, p.44)

942 May 16, Saadiah Gaon, head of Talmudic Academy of Sura, died.
(MC, 5/16/02)

945 In England monks settled along the Thames riverbank at Bablock Hythe.
(SFEC, 8/20/00, p.T9)

945 The Buyids (Buwayhids) came to power in Baghdad. They were ousted by the Seljuks in 1055 under Tughril Beg.
(www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/iraq/HISTORY.html)

946 May 25, Edmund the Older, king of Wessex, England, (939-46), died.
(SC, 5/25/02)

946 Eadgyth, the sister of King Athelstan and the granddaughter of Alfred the Great, died. She had been given in marriage to Otto I, the Holy Roman Emperor, in 929. She was initially buried at the Monastery of Mauritius in Magdeburg. In 1510 her remains were transferred to Magdeburg Cathedral in northern Germany, where her bones were found in 2008.
(AFP, 1/20/10)
946 Mount Paektu, a volcano straddling the border between North Korea and China, erupted with apocalyptic fire and fury in what scientists later considered one of the five largest volcanic events in human history. It ejected enough material to bury Greater London to a depth of 60 meters (200 feet), and caused temporary climate change in the region.
(http://tinyurl.com/y98xvulc)(AFP, 9/19/19)

950 Nov 22, Lotharius, King of Italy (947-50), died.
(MC, 11/22/01)

c950 The Anasazi first came to Keet Seel, Arizona.
(Hem., 5/97, p.75)
950 Guam’s latte period refers to the time when lattes were first introduced about this time and continued up to the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Latte stones consist of a pillar capped by a hemispherical stone capital.
(AP, 9/13/15)(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latte_stone)

951 Sep 23, Otto I, the Great, became king of Italy.
(MC, 9/23/01)

953 Apr 21, Otto I, the Great, granted Utrecht fishing rights.
(MC, 4/21/02)

954 Nov 12, Lotharius became king of France.
(MC, 11/12/01)

954 The Count of Ventimiglia ceded Seborga (in northwest Italy, twenty minutes from the Mediterranean north of Bordighera) to the monks who elected their abbot as sovereign prince.
(SFEC, 3/30/97, p.T5)

955 May 16, Alberich II, (bastard?) son of Octavianus, was elected pope.
(MC, 5/16/02)

955 Aug 10, Otto organized his nobles and defeated the invading Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld in Germany.
(HN, 8/10/98)

955 In England King Eadwig failed to appear at his coronation feast. Dunstan, chronicler of the event, found him cavorting with a young lady and her mother.
(WSJ, 1/29/99, p.W7)

955 Sufi saint Sidi Mahmoudou died. In 2013 his tomb in Timbuktu, Mali, was destroyed by Islamist extremists.
(AP, 1/28/13)

956 Jun 16, Hugo the Great, duke of France, died.
(MC, 6/16/02)

956-1015 Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev and the first Christian grand prince of Russia (980-1015). He married the sister of the Byzantine emperor and thus brought in Orthodox Christianity to Russia.
(WUD, 1994, p.1598)(WSJ, 3/28/97, p.A16)

c958 Harald Gormsson (d.c986), aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, 10th-century king of Denmark, was born about this time.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)

958-1025 Basil II, Byzantine emperor. His empire held a monopoly on royal purple silk and he flourished by manufacturing and trading silk.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R6)

959 The Viking ruler Gorm the Old, the father of Harald Bluetooth, died.
(AM, 11/00, p.21)

960 Denmark’s King Harald Bluetooth was baptized.
(Econ, 6/28/03, p.55)

960 Thorvald Asvaldsson, the father of Eric the Red (950-1003), committed a murder about this time and was banished from Norway. He took his family to Iceland.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_the_Red)

960-1127 The period of the Northern Song Dynasty. Most artistic representations of nature during this period carried auspicious meanings, e.g. bamboo signified resilience in the face of diversity, and the cicada bespoke immortality.
(NH, 7/00, p.59)(SFC, 5/14/03, p.D3)

960-1279 The Sung (Song) dynasty ruled over China. It was from this period that the Japanese tea ceremony originated; the ritual was developed for a tranquility of mind. Since this period mountainous looking rocks have been prized as objects of contemplation. Porcelain from this period is particularly beautiful.
(Hem, Dec. 94, p.64)(SFC, 6/4/96, p.E5)(WSJ, 9/27/96, p.B14)

961 Ani became the capital of Armenia. At its height it had over 100,000 inhabitants. Within a century it began falling victim to waves of conquerors including Seljuk Turks, Georgians and Mongols.
(Econ, 6/17/06, p.59)

962 Feb 2, Otto I (912-973), founder of the Holy Roman Empire, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope John XII.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Otto_I,_Holy_Roman_Emperor)(AHD, 1971, p.931)

962 Abd-Er Rahman III (891-961), Muslim governor of Spain, was succeeded by his son Al-Hakim. Rahman III is famed for his quote: “I have now reigned above fifty years in victory and peace, beloved by my subjects, dreaded by my enemies, and respected by my allies. Riches and honors, power and pleasure, have waited on my call, nor does any earthly blessing appear to be wanting for my felicity. In this situation, I have diligently numbered the days of pure and genuine happiness which have fallen to my lot: they amount to fourteen.”
(www.newadvent.org/cathen/04359b.htm)(http://tinyurl.com/985jj)

962-1030 In Afghanistan the Islamic era was established with the Ghaznavid Dynasty.
(https://www.afghan-web.com/history/chronology/)

962-1140 Under the Ghaznavid Dynasty Afghanistan became the center of Islamic power and civilization.
(https://www.afghan-web.com/history/chronology/)

963 Mar 15, Romanus II (25), Byzantine emperor (959-63), died.
(MC, 3/15/02)

964 Jun, Holy Roman Emperor Otto I forced Pope Benedict V (d.965), who had recently succeeded John XII as Catholic Pope, to resign in favor of Leo VIII.
(PTA, 1980, p.236)(Econ, 2/16/13, p.61)

964 Arab astronomers described the Great Nebula in Andromeda, our closest galaxy.
(V.D.-H.K.p.333)

965 Mar 1, Leo VIII, Italian (anti-)Pope (963-65), died.
(SC, 3/1/02)

965 Jul 4, Benedict V, Catholic Pope, died.
(PTA, 1980, p.236)

965 Part of Khazaria was conquered by the Kievan Rus prince Svyatoslav.
(TJOK, pp. 193-194)

967 Nov 20, Aboe al-Faradj al-Isfahani, Arabic author (Book of liederen), died.
(MC, 11/20/01)

969 Oct 28, After a prolonged siege, the Byzantines ended 300 years of Arab rule in Antioch.
(HN, 10/28/98)

967 Dec 7, Abu Sa’id ibn Aboa al-Chair, Persian mystic, was born.
(MC, 12/7/01)

969 Dec 10, Nicephorus II Phocas, Byzantine co-Emperor (963-69), was murdered.
(MC, 12/10/01)

969 Named El Qahira -“the victorious,” Cairo gained power from its position beside the Nile.
(NG, May 1985, R. Caputo, p.603)

969CE By this time the Fatimids had conquered most of North Africa and claimed Cairo as their capital. The Shiites gained control of Egypt.
(ATC, p.91)(SSFC, 2/8/04, p.M2)

969-1000 Olaf Tryggvesson, Olav I, King of Norway from 995-1000.
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)

970 In Egypt the al-Azhar madrassa was founded and became the chief center of Arabic literature and Sunni Islamic learning in the world. It was founded as mosque by the Fatimid commander Jawhar at the orders of the Caliph and Ismaili Imam Al-Muizz as he founded the city for Cairo. In 1961 al-Azhar attained university status.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Azhar_University)(Econ., 2/28/15, p.53)

971-1030 Machmud of Ghazni, ruler of Afghanistan. He made annual invasions to northern India where he pillaged temples, captured slaves, and transported his goods back by elephant. His library had a large collection of erotic manuscripts and he shared his palace with 400 poets.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R6)

972 John I Tzimiskes, the Byzantine Emperor at Constantinople (969-976), granted a charter for the Monastic Republic of Holy Mount Athos in Greece.
(SSFC, 10/8/06, p.H1)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_I_Tzimisces)

973 Jan 19, Benedict VI was consecrated as Catholic Pope. He succeeded John XIII.
(PTA, 1980, p.236)

973 May 6, Henry II, German King (1002) and Holy Roman Emperor (1014-1024), was born.
(HN, 5/6/98)(MC, 5/6/02)

973 Otto I, the Great (b.912), German king and Holy Roman emperor (962-73), died.
(AHD, 1971, p.931)(MC, 11/23/01)

974 The army of Denmark’s King Harald Gormsson, aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, lost to the Germans at the Danevirke.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
974 Pope Benedict VI was strangled to death by a priest named Stephen under directions of anti-Pope Boniface Franco, who called himself Boniface VII.
(PTA, 1980, p.270)

975 Jul 25, Thietmar bishop of Merseburg, German chronicler, was born.
(SC, 7/25/02)

975-1038 St. Stephen of Hungary. His crown was a fusion of Greek and Latin elements.
(WSJ, 11/18/96, p.A10)

0976 Oct 1, Al-Hakam II, the caliph of Cordoba, died.
(MC, 10/1/01)

976 Nov 14, T’ai tsu, emperor of China and founder of Sung-dynasty, died.
(MC, 11/14/01)

976 The Great Mosque of Cordoba (Spain) was completed and served as a religious, social and educational center. The largest of the 70 libraries in Cordoba contained 500,000 volumes. 70,000 books a year were hand-copied to satisfy the citizen’s literary appetites.
(ATC, p.95,98)

976-1025 The reign of Basil the Bulgar-Slayer, ruler of Byzantium. [see 330CE]
(WSJ, 10/14/95, p.A-12)

977 The shrine of Imam Ali, a gold-domed mosque, was built in Najaf, Iraq, on the burial site of Imam Ali, son-in-law of the prophet Mohammed.
(SFC, 8/30/03, p.A1)

978 Mar 18, Edward the Martyr (15), King of Anglo-Saxons (975-78), was murdered.
(MC, 3/18/02)

979 Apr 14, There was a challenge to throne of King Aethelred II, the Unrede (Unready), of England (979-1016). He attempted to buy peace with from Scandinavian invaders and called for England’s 1st general tax, the Danegeld. Some 140,000 pounds of silver was paid in tribute.
(WSJ, 5/24/01, p.A20)(MC, 4/14/02)

979 The Isle of Man parliament, the Tynwald Court, was established.
(SSFC, 8/13/06, p.G5)

980-1037 Afghan scientist Avicenna (aka Ibn Sina), a Muslim philosopher-scientist, was born in Bukhara (Balkh). He wrote “The Book of Healing,” a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and “The Canon of Medicine,” an encyclopedia of the medical knowledge of his time. Both works were translated to Latin and exerted great influence on Scholastics in the West.
(https://www.afghan-web.com/history/chronology/)(V.D.-H.K.p.115)

981 Adherents to the Jainist faith consecrated a 57-foot statue of their most important siant, Bahubali, in the town of Shravana Belgola, India.
(Sm, 3/06, p.23)

982 Eric the Red (950-1003), killed a neighbor and some other men about this time and was banished from Iceland for 3 years.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_the_Red)
982 Eric the Red, father of Leif Ericson, landed in Greenland and spent the next 3 years exploring the area.
(SFEM, 11/15/98, p.24)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_the_Red)

983 Dec 7, Otto II the Red (~28), German king and emperor (973-83), died in Italy. Otto III [aged 3] took the throne after his father’s death.
(HN, 12/7/98)(MC, 12/7/01)

983 The Lutici, a federation of tribes in northeastern Germany, were first recorded by written sources in the context of the uprising of this year, by which they annihilated the rule of the Holy Roman Empire in the Billung and Northern Marches. Hostilities continued until 997.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutici)

985 Eric Thorvaldsson, aka Eric the Red, left Iceland and returned to Greenland establishing his 1st settlement there.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_the_Red)

c985 Montpellier, France, was founded at the intersection of 3 trade and pilgrimage routes.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R22)

985-1014 The Brihadeshwarar temple was built in southeastern India’s Tamil Nadu state.
(WSJ, 10/1/04, p.A10)

985-1200 The Chola Kingdom prospered in southern India. Arts flourished and the economy prospered under expanding trade and military conquests. Ganesha, son of Shiva, was the first god invoked at the beginning of a new enterprise.
(WSJ, 10/8/99, p.W14)(WSJ, 10/8/99, p.W14)

986 Mar 2, Lotharius (44), King of France (954-86), died.
(SC, 3/2/02)

c986 Denmark’s King Harald Gormsson (b.c958), aka Harald Bluetooth or Harald Blatand, died about this time. He attributed to himself the unification of Denmark and the Christianization of the Danes. He also conquered Norway and raided Normandy. In 974 he was defeated by German emperor Otto II.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harald_Bluetooth)(AM, 11/00, p.21)
986 Greenland’s west coast was settled by Icelanders and Norwegians, through a contingent of 14 boats led by Erik the Red.
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland)
986 Bjarni Herjolfsson sailed from Norway to Iceland with cargo for his father, who had moved on to Greenland. Herjjolfsson was blown off course and reached Labrador, which he described as “worthless country.”
(NG, V184, No. 4, Oct. 1993, p.4)(WSJ, 7/6/04, p.D5)

987 May 21, Louis V, last Carolingian King of France (966-987), died. The Carolingian period of Frankish rule from the dynasty of Pepin the Short ended in France with the death of Louis V (20). [see May 22]
(PCh, 1992, p.78)(AHD, 1971, p.205)(MC, 5/21/02)

987 May 22, Louis V le Faineant (20), the Lazy, king of France (986-87), was allegedly poisoned by his mother. [see May 21]
(MC, 5/22/02)

987 Jul 3, The count of Paris, Hugh Capet (49), became king of France. Paris soon emerged as the center of French political, cultural and religious life, once again becoming the capital.
(PCh, 1992, p.78)(HNQ, 4/18/02)(MC, 7/3/02)

987 Dec 30, French King Hugh Capet crowned his son Robert the Compassionate.
(MC, 12/30/01)

988 May 6, Dirk II, West Frisian count of Holland, died.
(MC, 5/6/02)

988 May 19, Dunstanus, English archbishop of Canterbury, died.
(MC, 5/19/02)

988 Prince Vladimir of Kiev, Volodymyr the Great, accepted Byzantine Orthodoxy. This is the traditional date for the beginning of Russian Christianity. The Kievan Rus ruler was baptized in the ancient Crimean Greek city of Chersonesus before bringing Christianity to the region.
(SSFC, 6/24/01, p.A14)(AP, 8/1/15)(AP, 7/28/18)

989-1020 Ani, a medieval city-site situated in the Turkish province of Kars, beside the border with Armenia, attained the peak of its power during the long reign of King Gagik I (989-1020). It was the capital of a medieval Armenian kingdom that covered much of present day Armenia and eastern Turkey. Armenian chroniclers such as Yeghishe and Ghazar Parpetsi first mentioned Ani in the 5th century AD.
(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ani)

990 A set of instructions on chess, the Versus de Scachis (Poem About Chess), emerged in Switzerland about this time. The game had begun in India before the 6th century.
(Arch, 1/05, p.40)(Econ, 10/29/11, p.97)

991 Aug 11, Danes under Olaf Tryggvason killed Ealdorman Brihtnoth and defeated the Saxons at Maldon.
(HN, 8/10/98)

992 Constantinople granted Venetian goods lower tariffs than other merchandise.
(WSJ, 1/11/99, p.R50)

992 Ghana captured its chief trading rival, the Berber town of Audoghast.
(Enc. of Africa, 1976, p.172)

993 The south Indian Cola Empire captured Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka).
(Arch, 7/02, p.34)

994 Nov 7, Muhammad ibn Hazm, historian, jurist, author of Islamic Spain, was born.
(MC, 11/7/01)

994-1035 Life of Canute, later King of England, Denmark and Norway.
(AHD,1971, p.198)

995 Guido d’Arezzo (d.~1049, Italian monk and musical theorist, was born. He is generally credited with developing current musical notation.
(WUD, 1994, p.629)(WSJ, 5/27/97, pB1)

995-1000 In Norway Olaf I was king.
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)

995-1027 Heydey of the Fujiwara Clan in Japan.
(Jap. Enc., BLDM, p. 214)

995-1030 Olaf Haraldsson, aka Saint Olaf, the patron saint of Norway. He was king from 1016-1029. He and a crew of Vikings attacked London and pulled down the London Bridge with ropes. This is remembered in the nursery rhyme “London Bridge is falling down…”
(WUD, 1994, p.1002)(SFC, 8/23/97, p.E3)

996 May 21, Otto III (16) was crowned the Roman Emperor by his cousin Pope Gregory V.
(HN, 5/21/98)(MC, 5/21/02)

996 Oct 24, Hugh Capet, king of France (987-96), died at 58.
(MC, 10/24/01)

c996 In Iran the Astan Ghods Ravazi religious foundation was started.
(WSJ, 7/11/96, p.A4)

997 The name “Austria” first appeared in a medieval manuscript.
(WSJ, 4/16/97, p.A16)

997 St. Adalbert was martyred. He brought Christianity to Bohemia.
(SFC, 4/26/97, p.A12)

997 The Polish city of Gdansk was founded. From 1920 to 1939 it was known as the Free City of Danzig.
(SSFC, 3/3/13, p.N4)

c998-1061 Bao Qingtian (Bao Zheng), Chinese judge of the Song Dynasty, had a reputation for sticking up for the common man.
(Econ, 4/23/05, p.43)(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Zheng)

999 Feb 18, Gregory V, [Bruno] 1st German Pope, died.
(MC, 2/18/02)

999 Turkish dynasties became the rulers of Transoxania, and area that covered much of what later became Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan.
(Econ, 7/26/03, p.46-4 )

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bao_Zheng

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