Easy Mistakes That Could Easily Ruin Your Society Paper

Writing is a skill that many have been able to portray with a basic understanding of the principles of English writing. Such a perspective makes writing to appear trivial when it is such a great skill to possess. Even so, if you could do better to get rid of certain trivialities in your paper, then you may boast that you are a writer. We have categorized the mistakes into reasonable bits clarifying where you always get it wrong.

  1. Content mistakes

With much focus on how you usually do your society papers, a content mistake would mean not capturing the aspect that makes it a society paper. A society paper needs to speak to its purpose with content that portrays that sense.  Make it your point to stick to the purpose of your type of essay always to avoid losing the actual impression the paper needs to make.

  • Vocabulary mistakes     

Essay writing has vocabulary different from what we use during our oral presentations. Your society paper, for instance, needs to be done in a formal language. The paper needs to avoid elements of slang, colloquialism, and jargon.

They could be issues with homonyms or words that sound almost the same an example is using “heard” in place of “had.” Other mistakes include confused words, writing words in their wrong forms, among other vocabulary related errors.

  • Mistakes of style

Academic writing for a long time has been done in various academic writing styles. The styles make the academic papers to appear different from content writing. You can write well, but with the wrong style of academic writing, you have failed in your essay.

Some of the style mistakes you need to avoid, include the overuse of passive sentences, using conjunctions at the beginning of a sentence, the use of too long or short sentences, and the repetition of words when you can use their substitutes.

  • Format or structure mistakes

Academic writing follows one main principle, which is an academic format. For this reason, we have referencing and citation styles such as APA, MLA, Harvard, and Chicago writing formats. These styles vary every time given the changes that could be going on globally in academic writing.

The styles do not affect the direction you wanted to take with your paper but help you to organize your paper in a particular way. Each academic format has a different structure; you need to pay attention to the one your instructor wants you to use in your society paper.

  • Spelling mistakes

This is the most popular mistake in writing. You need to get your spelling game on point to avoid altering the intended message of your paper. If you are not sure, there are many ways to amend that. You could use a dictionary, a physical, or an online dictionary. If you know the word, you could write it on a piece of paper and see whether it is what you know. Even so, spelling should be easy to solve.

  • Punctuation mistakes

Punctuation controls the rhythm of your writing. In academic writing, punctuation may not appear as such a big thing, but it never makes a good impression to misuse the punctuation marks. If you have any problem with punctuation, then you need to study the uses of each punctuation mark. You will find it easy to solve punctuation issues when you need role a punctuation mark plays in a text.

If you have overlooked these mistakes before, this is your chance to make amends to avoid ruining your exceptional society paper. Fixing these errors will go on to improve your future writing exercises.  You might needed more reference material in the future but remember to use only quality resources.

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Lead Contamination in New Jersey

There has been a public concern regarding the presence of lead in drinking water after the Flint crisis in Michigan such that a lot of cases have been reported on the issues from various cities in the country. New Jersey has fallen victim to the issues as lead has been discovered in several drinking water facilities within it. Water is contaminated with lead whereby lead leaches from the service lines that bring water into the main storage area. It is worth noting that children are the most affected when it comes to lead contamination; especially when exposed to old buildings with paintings containing lead; when drinking water and also when playing as some soil in residential areas tend to be contaminated with lead (Zahran et.al, 2013). The processes of mitigation and preparedness can be effective when employed by the New Jersey’s Newark school district in handling the discovery of lead tainted water in their public schools.

The law expects that the utilities in charge of supplying water carry out tests on water when it is leaving the treatment plant. Furthermore, tests are supposed to be taken on high risk areas for the purpose of decreasing the prevalence rate of lead.  Therefore, the utilities are responsible for any lead present in their systems while owners of public and private properties are expected to manage their own fixtures and water pipes. This includes schools and municipalities who are expected to carry tests on their water. In a school such as the New Jersey’s Newark school district, the quality of water tends to be of high concern as most children consume the water present in their institution (Zahran et.al, 2013). Furthermore, when the schools are remain closed at night and during the weekends, chances are that more lead will enter the systems through the pipes through leaching. It is worth noting that the amount of lead across schools in New Jersey is not yet known despite of few cases of lead being reported lately (Zahran et.al, 2013).

As stated earlier, the processes of mitigation and preparedness can be effective when employed by the New Jersey’s Newark school district in handling the discovery of lead tainted water in their public schools. Mitigation entails a process of decreasing the harm on life by decreasing the effects associated with a particular element or factor. In our case, the threat is contamination of water by lead which may lead to various problems in the body. For mitigation to be effective, a problem has to be solved immediately to prevent its reoccurrence in future such that human life is not put at risk in addition to other burdens such as finances. The most important consideration is the view that problems are inevitable and, hence, early preparation needs to be done to prevent adverse consequences (Flora et.al, 2012).

For the mitigation process to be effective in New Jersey’s Newark school district, it is important for the individuals involved to take into consideration potential risks, analyze the daring choices and approach the whole process of solving the problem on a long-term perspective rather than short term. In other words, lack of mitigation implies that the safety of the children is at risk in addition to issues such as finance and self-management (Tchounwou, 2012). Some of the mitigation strategies that the school might employ include putting up strict policies in regards to testing water such that the water provided to the students is safe for consumption in addition to making frequent checks in the morning and during the weekends to ensure that leaching is prevented. Furthermore, other alternatives in regards to the materials used to make the fixtures and the pipes should be sought such that the risk imposed by lead is minimized. The materials should also be safe regardless of the cost as the health of the students is more important. Furthermore, decision should be made on a long-term basis rather than short-term to prevent more problems regarding lead consumption (Tchounwou, 2012).

Preparedness has to do with putting up measures that prevent the occurrence of an event. Each school in New Jersey is responsible for its water storage facilities and hence when it comes to preparedness, it has to develop strategies to be used in dealing with the contamination as soon as it occurs before harm is caused to the associated population (Zechman, 2011). In the cases of New Jersey’s Newark school district, frequent assessment or testing of its water facilities should be made to detect the presence of lead and purify them to minimize the chances for the contamination. Also, funds should be set aside for security purposes just in case there is need for the renewal of the facilities. In other words, the school should take full responsibility of ensuring that the safety of children is taken into consideration.

As stated earlier, the processes of mitigation and preparedness can be effective when employed by the New Jersey’s Newark school district in handling the discovery of lead tainted water in their public schools. Both mitigation and preparedness processes will assist the school to come up with strategies to deal with the contamination such that the risks associated with lead are minimized.

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Separation of Powers

            According to Nick Barber, “The diversity of visions of separation of powers is to be welcomed; they reflect different local requirements”. ‘Prelude to the separation of powers’.  The quote entails that separation of power entails that the major institutions of state ought to be functionally independent and that no person ought to have powers that span the offices of legislature and judiciary. The perception by “Nick Barber” on the UK’s Separation of Power is an accurate reflection of how the separation of powers operates within the UK’s constitution[1]. It is apparent that there is no absolute doctrine of separation of powers in the UK Constitution as there are overlaps that exist in terms of functions of the organs of the state and the personnel working within them.

             Nick perception is appropriate as the UK depends on a system of checks and balances as a way of evading against abuse of power[2]. It is where the government powers are exercised by legislative, executive and judicial within their own limitations and at the same time they check each other. Monarchy utilized in the UK influences over the government, but because of the visions of separation of powers as per the perception by Nick is that it acts as a symbolic for government because of its nature of being sovereign. It is apparent that one individual should not perform his or her duties in three organs of the government at the same time.

             Furthermore, each organ should not interfere with the other organ, to ascertain that positive results are attained. The three branches of the UK government are the legislature, executive and judiciary. The objective of the legislature, which is the parliament, is pass legislation whereas that executive which is the government takes part in making policy decisions and enacts legislation of the legislature. The executive function technique ranges from the formation of broad policies to the detailed administration of daily routine services[3].

            Lastly, there is the judiciary, which consists of courts, and it interprets and rules upon legal challenges. The judiciary consists of all judges in the court of law who often presides in the civil and criminal courts. From the above-mentioned three organs, they must interact with each other to run the country effectively even if constitution is written for certain needs to be followed to govern the country well. In cases where the organs conflict with each other, the country ends up destroyed. It is true as visible overlaps found in the legislature, judiciary and the executive with the inclusion of checks and balances[4]

            The diversity of visions of separation of powers welcomed as they reflect different local requirements of reducing the risks of power abused in the UK. The implication here is that too much power by one individual may lead to abuse of office by the person in question. Therefore, mutually reinforcing democracy and permitting dissimilar functions to be assigned to those in need is essential. The UK contents of the separation of power reflect on what Nick enumerated as he entails that no organ should have power over the other and no one can be a member of more than one organ. The approach put into practice as a way of ascertaining that there are some overlaps, which are essential for UK separation of power entities[5].

            When it comes to the separation of powers, there is the introduction of the Supreme Court and there is an increased transparency in judicial selection. Despite the fact that there is the separation of powers in the UK, it is not strict. The reason is because every constitutional system that purports to be associated on a separation of power often offers, deliberately, a system of checks and balances under which each organ impinges upon another and vice versa. The presence of a strict separation of powers would entail that the system of the government would be unmovable. Furthermore, the absence of cooperation between organs would lead to constitutional deadlock. Introduction of the separation of powers has played a huge role in the UK government system as instance of overlap consisted of Lord Chancellor[6].

            The objective of Lord Chancellor was head of the judiciary; act as a speaker in the House of Lords and a senior cabinet minister. The changes made in the UK on the role of the Lord Chancellor portray that there is a strong relevance placed upon the doctrine of separation of powers. The changes made illustrate that there is a separation of independence in terms of entities, fulfilling leadership traits and examination of each organ. The insinuation here is that Nick Barber’s perception correlates with the separation of powers operated within the United Kingdom. It entails that Barber has a very distinctive nature of a philosopher; hence, the rationale for having a similar thinking on what is taking part in the UK.

            To sum up: it is apparent that the United Kingdom government system entails three branches of leadership. The separation of power in the United Kingdom is further separated, but not strict, to ascertain that there is flexibility in their leadership aspects. The above paragraphs entail that there is the legislature, executive and judiciary. The legislature, which is the parliament, is pass legislation whereas that executive which is the government takes part in making policy decisions and enacts legislation of the legislature. The executive function technique ranges from the formation of broad policies to the detailed administration of daily routine services. The judiciary, which consists of courts, and it interprets and rules upon legal challenges. The judiciary consists of all judges in the court of law who often presides in the civil and criminal courts[7].

            Nick Barber thoughts on the UK separation of power is an accurate reflection of how the separation powers operates within the UK constitution as no organ should have power over the other and no one can be a member of more than one organ[8]. Additionally, the changes made in the UK on the role of the Lord Chancellor portray that there is a strong relevance placed upon the doctrine of separation of powers. Therefore, Nick is a philosopher who has to be offered credit on his perception and the manner in which the UK separation of power has been portrayed to its people and the society as a whole. It is true as powers put into practice are not strict, but no party is entitled to interfere with the other organ. Therefore, the approach by the UK government makes clear on how each organ should play their role and how they can assist each other to offer the best services to their citizens.

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Social Structure Changes and Continuity in East Asia During 600-1450 CE

            The East Asia social structure underwent some changes as well as continuities during 600-1450 CE. Many older belief systems such as Buddhism and Confucianism, became more significant than the political organization in defining East Asia. Buddhism was a dominant religion and was vastly spread throughout Asia. The Chinese had sculptured a wooden Buddha which they worshipped as their god while the Japanese derived their sculptor from idol worship in Buddhism or animistic rites of Shinto deity (Grayson, 67). The Japanese highly regarded Heaven Worship also known as the Mandate of Heaven. Chinese folk religion (Shenism) also gained deep roots. In Korea, Ryukyuan religion of Okinawa which was very similar to Shinto was widely practiced and respected by the people. Islam was a minor religion.

Changes

During the 600-1450 CE era, religion began taking on more ordinary tasks which were not related to religious teachings such as having their temples serve as learning institutions and hotels. Some religions even began lending funds, distributing medicines to the community and monopolizing returns. Changes were caused by the increased support of Buddhism by the emperors of the Tang’ Dynasty and the elite. Buddhism popularity among the influential people of Chinese society also contributed to these changes. Furthermore, religion became a platform for learning new traditions and styles during the Tang’ dynasty (McCannon, 66). The Buddhist pilgrims who came along from India also brought their foreign culture which spread among the privileged in the society.

Continuities

There was continuity between the era when Buddhism was more preferred by people and the time when Confucianism became the most favored philosophy. The role of Buddhism diminished as Confucianism gained roots. (Roupp, 124). The Tang’ Dynasty was popular and open to outside influences while Confucianism became popular during the Song Dynasty as it focused more on education and literacy.  Under Tang’, Confucianism was influenced by Buddhism leading to the emergence of Neo-Confucianism (Stearns, 33). Additionally, civil service exam based on Neo-Confucian teachings emerged. The teachings significantly stressed on self-discipline and obedience to parents and elders.

         Aristocracy originated from Turkic elites in China during the Tang’ and Sui Dynasty. Wu Zhao, a Chinese woman, became the first empress of China. The influence of women in Tang court increased. Buddhists neither paid taxes nor served in the military. Government jobs in civil service were based on performance in the civil service exam. The Song Dynasty despised women who managed their husband’s belongings. Women were not allowed to own or inherit property.  Dowry was retained after a divorce or husband’s death. In Vietnam and Korea, social structures which were based on the Chinese social structure allowed women to handle and own property. In Japan, the upper-class women controlled their households and contributed to Japanese literature.

Conclusion

The changes brought about foreign culture as the Buddhist pilgrims moved to East Asia. Besides, the family unit was valued and males were accorded more privileges than women such as receiving a formal education. Philosophies such as Confucianism which emphasized on literacy gained roots and China became one of the largest and most prosperous empire in Asia.

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